Compensation Techniques Based on Reactive Power Conservation

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Paolo Tenti, Paolo Mattavelli, Elisabetta Tedeschi

The paper introduces two definitions of instantaneous reactive power terms, which are conservative in every network and apply even under non-sinusoidal conditions. Both quantities coincide with usual reactive power for sinusoidal operation, however they assume a different meaning for distorted behaviour. The first one is an energy-related term, and its unbiased integral accounts for the average energy stored in the network. The second has a differential nature and is suitable for dynamic analysis and control of harmonic and reactive power sources acting in the network.

The combined use of both approaches allows cooperative operation of static and dynamic reactive and harmonic compensators, like STATCOMs and Active Power Filters.

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